Signorile, Joseph

Title
Professor
Department
Kinesiology and Sport Sciences
Degree
Texas A&M University, Ph.D. Exercise Physiology, 1990
Specialization
Cellular Exercise Physiology; Neurophysiology

Dr. Signorile has over twenty-five years of research experience in the development and application of diagnostic and prescriptive exercise procedures for special populations with specific emphasis on those requiring interventions to reduce functional decline. He has two books, over 75 refereed articles and book chapters, and 150 refereed abstracts, He is currently the mentor on a K23 career development award from the NIMH examining the psychological and physiological benefits of exercise in Hispanic women. Additionally, he recently served as the mentor on a K12 submission looking at exercise and schizophrenia for which the manuscript is currently being written. He has served as the chairman on 27 dissertations, been a committee member on nine others, and has chaired 16 Masters Theses and served on six as a committee member. He is a regular mentor for the University’s Honors Thesis and School of Education and Human Development Honors Thesis Programs.

His work has concentrated on targeting exercise to the diagnosed needs of the individual, with special emphasis on older persons. His research team was one of the first to recognize that the functional declines and histological changes that occur with age reflected loss of velocity rather than simple strength, thereby dictating power or high-speed training. As he has explored the impact of high-speed training on neuromuscular performance, he has evolved his research to include proper loading patterns, specific joint responses, most effective exercise modalities, and patterns of change across training cycles.

To truly apply the diagnosis prescription model to exercise, effective tools must be available for assessing need across the broad spectrum of performance and functional variables associated with successful aging. Therefore, the trajectory of Dr. Signorile’s training studies was logically mirrored by the development of unique diagnostic tools allowing quantification of specific needs.

The development of power, when applied to targeted training prescription, can occur at any area of the load-velocity continuum inherent in skeletal muscle. Additionally, most activities of daily living (ADL) are associated with small external loads, or none at all. This has led Dr. Signorile to explore the application of body-weight based training modalities. However, the benefits of these alternate interventions don’t stop at ADL performance. Because maintenance of balance, recovery from a stumble and reducing fall occurrence are more closely related to movement speed than absolute strength, his research has also examined these velocity-based interventions for improving both static and dynamic balance. This model has been applied to translational cycles designed to transform simple linear strength and power gains derived from resistance of cardiovascular training into patterns applicable to daily living, to the conversion of traditional exercise modalities such as yoga, into interventions that are biomechanically and bioenergetically more applicable to daily tasks, and the examination of other alternatives, as potential stimuli for improving power and facilitating recovery.

Dr. Signorile holds a joint appointment as research faculty at the Center on Aging of the University of Miami’s Miller School of Medicine.


View Curriculum Vitae
Books and Monographs Published:
  1. Signorile, J.F. Resistance Training for the Older Adult. In: Rose, D. Physical Activity Instruction of Older Adults. Champaign: Human Kinetic Publishers; (In press) 2015
  2. Signorile, J.F. Bending the Aging Curve. Taiwan: Farterng Culture Co., 2013. (Chinese edition)
  3. Signorile, J.F. Bending the Aging Curve. Champaign: Human Kinetic Publishers; 2011.
  4. Signorile, J.F. Vibration training: A unique tool for anti-aging. Anti-Aging News. Spring, 2008, pp. 20-25.
  5. Agatston, A. and Signorile, J.F. The South Beach Diet Supercharged. New York, Rodale Publishers, 2008.
  6. Signorile, J.F. and Sandler D. Weight Training Everyone. Winston-Salem: Hunter Textbooks, Fifth Edition, 2007.
  7. Signorile, J.F. and Applegate, B. Three-dimensional isokinetic mapping: Using torque-velocity-angle relationships to define and analyze athletic performance. In L. Brown, (Ed.), Isokinetic Performance Enhancement. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics Publishers, 2000.
  8. Signorile, J.F. Baseball: Specific tests and data interpretation with emphasis on pitching. In L. Brown, (Ed.), Isokinetic Performance Enhancement. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics Publishers, 2000.
  9. Signorile, J.F., Kascik, D., Perry, A., Robertson, B., Williams, R., Lowensteyn, I., Digel, S. and Caruso, J.F. The effect of knee and foot position on the electromyographical activity of the superficial quadriceps. In Moss, R.I., Ed., Athletic Training: Sports Health Care Perspectives. Chicago: Mosby-Year Book Inc. 1996.
  10. Signorile, J.F., Kwiatkowski, K., Caruso, J.F., and Robertson, R. Effect of foot position on the electromyographical activity of the superficial quadriceps muscles during the parallel squat and knee extension. In Moss, R.I., Ed., Athletic Training: Sports Health Care Perspectives. Chicago: Mosby-Year Book Inc. 1996.
  11. Signorile, J.F., Tuten, R., Moore, C., and Knight, V. Weight Training Everyone. Winston-Salem: Hunter Textbooks, Fourth Edition, 1994.
  12. Signorile, J.F. and Lowensteyn, I. Laboratory techniques and competitive swimming. National Forum for the Advancement of Aquatics Year Book 1994.
  13. Williams, J.H., Barnes, W.S., and Signorile, J.F. Temporal changes in power output during high-intensity exercise. In J.O. Dotson & J.H. Humphrey (Ed.), Exercise Physiology: Current Selected Research, (Vol. 4, pp. 123-132). New York: AMS Press, Inc. 1990.
Juried or Refereed Manuscripts:
  1. Martin, L., Signorile, J.F., Kahn, B.E., Perkins, A.W., Ahn, S., Perry, A.C. Improving Exercise Adherence and Physical Measures in English-speaking Latina women. Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities. 2015; March, on-line publication.
  2. Napoli, N.J., Mixco, A.R., Bohorquez, J., Signorile, J.F. An EMG comparative analysis of quadriceps during isoinertial strength training using nonlinear wavelets. Human Movement Science. 2015; 40(1):134-153. Impact factor: 2.478
  3. Hittinger, E.A., Raeburn, J.M., Nash, M.S., Perry, A.C., Signorile, J.F., Kressler, J. and Jacobs, K.A. Ischemic preconditioning results in small improvements in peak exercise capacity at sea level, but not simulated high altitude in trained male cyclists. Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism. 2015; 69(1)65-71. Impact factor: 2.55.
  4. Signorile, J.F., Lew, K., Stutenberg, M., Pluchino, A. Lewis, J.E., Gao, J. Range of motion and leg rotation affect EMG activation levels of the superficial quadriceps muscles during leg extension. Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2014; 28(9)2536-2545. Impact factor: 2.27
  5. Serravite, D.H., Perry, A., Jacobs, K.A., Adams, J.A., Harriell, K., Signorile, J.F. Whole body periodic acceleration affects exercise-induced muscle damage after eccentric exercise. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 2014 Nov;9(6):985-92. Impact factor: 2.683
  6. Rendos NK, Musto A, Signorile, J.F. Interactive effects of body position and resistance during Spinning® exercises. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. (e-published ahead of print) Impact factor: 2.27
  7. Balachandran, A.T., Krawczyk, S.K., Potiaumpai, M., Signorile, J.F. High-speed circuit training vs hypertrophy training to improve function in sarcopenic obese adults: a randomized control study. Experimental Gerontology. 2014; 60(1):64-71. Impact factor: 3.797
  8. Strassnig M, Signorile, J.F., Gonzalez C, Harvey PD. Physical performance and disability in schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research: Cognition. 2014, Jun; 1(2):112-121.
  9. Signorile, J.F. (Invited Feature Article) The gallon jug shelf test: an assessment of moderately heavy object transfer. ACSM’S Certified News, Second Quarter, 2014, 24(2):9-14.
  10. Ni, M., Mooney, K., Balachandran, A., Luca, C., Harriell, K., Signorile, J.F. Muscle utilization patterns vary by skill levels of the practitioners across specific yoga poses. Complementary Therapies in Medicine. 2014, Aug; 22(4):662-9. Impact factor: 2.353.
  11. Ni, M., Mooney, K., Richards, L., Balachandran, A., Sun, M., Potiaumpai, M., Signorile, J.F. The comparative impacts of Tai Chi, balance training and a specially-designed yoga program on balance in older fallers. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 2014, Sep; 95(9):1620-1628. Impact factor: 2.76
  12. Ni, M., Mooney, K., Harriell, K., Balachandran, A. and Signorile, J.F. Core muscle function during specific yoga poses. Complementary Therapies in Medicine. 2014, 22(2):235-243. Impact factor: 2.353
  13. Tapp LR, Signorile, J.F. Efficacy of WBV as a modality for inducing changes in body composition, aerobic fitness, and muscular strength: a pilot study. Clinical Interventions in Aging. 2014, 9(1): 63-72. Impact factor: 2.341
  14. Signorile, J.F. (Invited Review) Resistance training for older adults: targeting muscular strength, power and endurance. American College of Sports Medicine Health and Fitness Journal, Sept. 2013, 17(5): 24-32.
  15. Serravite, D.H., Edwards, D., Skidmore, L., Gallo, S.E., Signorile, J.F. Loading and concurrent synchronous whole-body vibration interaction increases oxygen consumption during resistance exercise. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 2013, 12(3):475-480. Impact factor: 2.374
  16. Lisman, P., Signorile, J.F., Del Rossi, G., Asfour, S., Eltoukhy, M., Stambolian, D., Jacobs, K.A. Investigation of the effects of cervical strength training on neck strength, EMG, and head kinematics during a football tackle. International Journal of Sports Science and Engineering, 2012; 6(03):131-140. Impact factor: 5.1
  17. Pluchino A, Lee SY, Asfour S, Roos BA, Signorile, J.F. Postural control changes following training using the Wii balance program and standardized falls prevention programs. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 2012; 93(7):1138-46. Impact factor: 2.76
  18. Stoutenberg, M., Kressler, J., Chen, G.L., Perry, A.C., Myerburg, R.J., Mendez, J., Signorile, J.F., Arheart, K.L., Lewis, J.E. and Jacobs, K.A. Aerobic training does not alter CRP in apparently healthy, untrained men. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness. 2012, Feb.; 52(1):53-62. Impact factor: 0.843
  19. Signorile, J.F. 2011. Whole body vibration: What’s the most effective protocol? Journal of Active Aging. 2011;10(6):66-73.
  20. Signorile, J.F. Whole body vibration: What’s shakin’ now? Journal of Active Aging. 2011; 10(5):46-59.
  21. Kressler, J., Stoutenberg, M., Roos, B.A., Friedlander, A.L., Perry, A.C., Signorile, J.F., Jacobs, K.A. Sildenafil does not improve steady state cardiovascular hemodynamics, peak power, or 15-km time trial cycling performance at simulated moderate or high altitudes in men and women. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 2011; 111(12):3031-40. Impact factor: 2.298
  22. Stanziano DC, Signorile, J.F., Mow S, Davidson E, Ouslander JG, Roos BA. The modified total body rotation test: a rapid, reliable assessment of physical function status in older adults. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 2010; 58(10):1965-1969. Impact factor: 4.216
  23. Smith, W.N., Del Rossi, G., Adams, J.B., Abderlarahman, K.Z., Asfour, S.A., Roos, B.A., Signorile, J.F. Simple equations to predict concentric lower-body muscle power in older adults using the 30-second chair-rise test. Clinical Interventions in Aging, 2010; 9(5):173-180. Impact factor: 2.341
  24. Bedient, A.M., Adams, J.B., Edwards D.A., Serravite, D.H., Huntsman, E., Mow S.E., Roos B.A., Signorile, J.F. Displacement and frequency for maximizing power output resulting from a bout of whole body vibration. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 2009; 23(6):1683-1687. Impact factor: 2.27
  25. Stanziano, D.A., Roos B.A., Perry A., Lai S., Signorile, J.F. The effects of an active-assisted stretching program on measures of flexibility and functional performance in elderly persons: a pilot study. Clinical Interventions in Aging, 2009; 4:115-120. Impact factor: 2.341
  26. Adams, J.B., Edwards, D., Serravite, D., Bedient, A.M., Huntsman, E., Jacobs, K.A., Del Rossi, G., Roos, B.A., and Signorile, J.F. Optimal frequency, displacement, duration and recovery patterns to maximize power output following acute whole body vibration training. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2009; 23(1):237-45. Impact factor: 2.27
  27. Del Rossi, G., Lisman, P., Signorile, J.F. Fabricating a better mouthguard. Part II: The effect of color on adaptation. Dental Traumatology. 2008; 24(2):197-200.
  28. Signorile, J.F., Sandler, D., Kempner L., Stanziano, D.S., Ma, F. and Roos, B.A. The ramp power test: A new method of power assessment for older individuals. Journal of Gerontology: Medical Sciences. 2007; 62(11):1266-73.
  29. Signorile, J.F. Periodized training for the master athlete. Functional U: Exercise and Activity for Healthy Aging. 2007; 5(5):1-13.
  30. Andersen, D.A., Roos, B.A., Stanziano, D.S. and Signorile, J.F. Walker use, but not falls, is associated with lower perceived physical functioning and health of residents in an assisted-living environment. Clinical Interventions in Aging. 2007; 2(1):1-15. Impact factor: 2.341
  31. Signorile, J.F. Power training for older adults. IDEA Fitness Journal. 2007; Nov/Dec:36-42.
  32. Lister, J.L., Del Rossi, G., Ma, F., Stoutenberg, M., Adams, J.B., Tobkin, S., Signorile, J.F. Electromyographical analysis of scapular stabilizers during the use of Bodyblade®, cuff weights and Thera-Band® resistance. Journal of Sports Rehabilitation. 2007; 16(1):50-67.
  33. Signorile, J.F., Sandler, D., Bamel, S., Ma, F., Stanziano, D., Smith, W., and Roos, B.A. The gallon jug shelf transfer test: An instrument to evaluate deteriorating function in older adults. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity. 2007; 15(1):56-74.
  34. Signorile, J.F. Whole body vibration training: a new wave in exercise intervention for older adults? Journal of Active Aging. 2006; 5(4):30-37.
  35. Zink, A.J., Perry, A.C., Robertson, B.L., Roach, K.E. and Signorile, J.F. Peak power, ground reaction forces, and velocity during the squat exercise performed at different loads. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2006; 20(3):658-664. Impact factor: 2.27
  36. Gomez, T., Ma, F., Adams, J., Stoutenberg, M. and Signorile, J.F. The impact of seatback angle on electromyographical activity of the lower back and quadriceps muscles during bilateral knee extension. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2005; 19(4):908-917. Impact factor: 2.27
  37. Stoutenberg, M., Pluchino, A., Ma, F., Hoctor, J. and Signorile, J.F. The impact of foot position on electromyographical activity of the superficial quadriceps muscles during leg extension. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2005; 19(4):931-938. Impact factor: 2.27
  38. Signorile, J.F. Translational training: turning fitness gains into functional fitness. Journal on Active Aging. 2005; 4(3):46-58.
  39. Signorile, J.F. Power training and aging: a practical approach. Journal on Active Aging. 2005; 4(1):34-45.
  40. Signorile, J.F., Sandler, D., W., Smith, W., Stoutenberg, M. and Perry, A.C. Correlation analyses and regression modeling between isokinetic testing and on-court performance in competitive adolescent tennis players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2005; 19(3):519-26. Impact factor: 2.27
  41. Signorile, J.F., Carmel, M.P., Lai, S., Roos, B.A. Early plateaus of power and torque gains during high- and low-speed resistance training of older women. Journal of Applied Physiology. 2005; 98(4):1213-20. Impact factor: 4.232
  42. Perry, A.C., Wang, X., Feldman, B.B., Ruth, T. and Signorile, J.F. Can laboratory-based tennis profiles predict field tests of tennis performance? Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2004; 18(1):136-143. Impact factor: 2.27
  43. Price, T.B., Kamen, G., Damon, B.M., Knight, C.A., Applegate, B., Gore, J.C., Eward, K. and Signorile, J.F. Comparison of MRI and EMG to study muscle activity associated with dynamic plantar flexion. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. 2003; 21(8):853-861.
  44. Signorile, J.F., Zink, A.J. and Szwed, S.P. A comparative electromyographical investigation of muscle utilization patterns using various hand positions during the lat pull-down. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2002; 16(4):539-546. Impact factor: 2.27
  45. Signorile, J.F. and Roos, B. Resistance training for power, strength, and functionality: a long-term prescription. American Journal of Medicine and Sports. 2002; 4(5):398-402.
  46. Signorile, J.F., Carmel, M., Asfour, S., Czaja, S., Morgan, R., Kahlil, T., Ma, F. and Roos, B. Differential increases in average isokinetic power by specific muscle groups of older women due to variations in training and testing. Journal of Gerontology Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences. 2002; 57A(10):M683-M690.
  47. Signorile, J.F., Applegate, B., Duque, M., Cole, N. and Zink, A. Selective recruitment of the triceps surae muscles with changes in knee angle. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2002; 16(3):433-439. Impact factor: 2.27
  48. Perry, A.C., Okuyama, T., Tanaka, K., Signorile, J.F., Kaplan, T.A. and Wang, X. A comparison of health and fitness-related variables in a small sample of children of Japanese descent on 2 continents. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine. 2002; 156(4):(362-368).
  49. Marquez-Sterling, S., Perry, A.C., Kaplan, T.A., Haberstein, R.A. and Signorile, J.F. Physical and psychological changes with vigorous exercise in sedentary primigravidae. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 2000; 32(1):58-62.
  50. Signorile, J.F. Sports specific training techniques in older population. Rehab Management. 1997; 10(1): 62-65.
  51. Perry, A.C., Applegate, E.B., Allison, M.L., Miller, P. and Signorile, J.F. Relationship between anthropometric measures of fat distribution and cardiovascular risk factors in overweight pre- and postmenopausal women. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 1997; 66(4):829-836.
  52. Perry, A.C., Tremblay, L.M., Signorile, J.F., Kaplan, T.A. and Miller, P.C. Fitness, diet and coronary risk factors in a sample of Southeastern U.S. children. Applied Human Science. 1997; 16(4):133-141.
  53. Caruso, J., Signorile, J.F., Perry, A.C. and Clark, M. Time course changes in contractile strength resulting from isokinetic exercise and β2 agonist administration. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 1997; 11(1):8-13. Impact factor: 2.27
  54. Perry, A.C., Crane, L.S., Applegate, B., Marquez-Sterling, S., Signorile, J.F. and Miller, P.C. Nutrient intake and psychological and physiological assessment in eumenorrheic and amenorrheic female athletes: A preliminary study. International Journal of Sports Nutrition. 1996; 6(1):3-13.
  55. Caruso, J., Signorile, J.F., Perry, A., LeBlanc, B., Williams, R., Clark, M. and Bamman, M. The effects of albuterol and isokinetic exercise on the quadriceps muscle group. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 1995; 27(11):1471-1476. Cited 92; impact factor: 4.48
  56. Signorile, J.F., Banovac, K., Gomez, M., Flipse, D., Caruso, J. and Lowensteyn, I. Increased muscle strength in paralyzed patients after spinal cord injury: effect of Beta-2 Adrenergic Agonist. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 1995; 76(1):55-58.
  57. Signorile, J.F., Kacsik, D., Perry, A., Robertson, B., Williams, R., Lowensteyn, I., Digel, S., Caruso, J.F. and LeBlanc, W.G. The effect of knee and foot position on the electromyographical activity of the superficial quadriceps. The Journal of Orthopedic and Sports Physical Therapy. 1995; 22(1):2-9.
  58. Ferris, D.P., Signorile, J.F. and Caruso, J.F. The relationship between physical and physiological variables and volleyball spiking velocity. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 1995; 9(1):32-36. Impact factor: 2.27
  59. Bergeron, M.F., Maresh, C.M., Armstrong, L.E., Signorile, J.F., Castellani, J.W., Kenefick, R.W., LaGasse, K.E. and Riebe, D.A. Fluid-electrolyte balance associated with tennis match play in a hot environment. International Journal of Sports Nutrition. 1995; 5(3):180-193.
  60. Signorile, J.F., Kwiatkowski, K., Caruso, J.F. and Robertson, B. Effect of foot position on the electromyographical activity of the superficial quadriceps muscles during the parallel squat and knee extension. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 1995; 9(3):182-187. Impact factor: 2.27
  61. Signorile, J.F. The use of bronchodilators in the treatment of muscle atrophy. Miami Medicine. 1994; 65(10):21-22
  62. Signorile, J.F., Webber, B., Roll, B., Caruso, J.F., Lowensteyn, I. and Perry, A.C. An electromyographical comparison of the squat and knee extension exercises. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 1994; 8(3):149-154. Impact factor: 2.27
  63. Lowensteyn, I., Signorile, J.F. and Giltz, K. The effect of varying body composition on swimming performance. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 1994; 8(3):149-154. Impact factor: 2.27
  64. Signorile, J.F., Ingalls, C. and Tremblay, L. The effects of active and passive recovery on short-term, high intensity power output. Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology. 1993; 18(1):31-42. Cited 100; impact factor: 1.3
  65. Signorile, J.F., Kaplan, T.A., Applegate, B. and Perry, A.C. Effects of acute inhalation of the bronchodilator, albuterol, on power output. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 1992; 24(6):638-642.
  66. Perry, A.C., Shaw, M.H., Hsia, L., Nash, M.S., Signorile, J.F. and Applegate, B. Plasma lipid levels in active and sedentary premenopausal females. International Journal of Sports Medicine. 1992; 13(3):210-215.
  67. Signorile, J.F., Digel, S., Moccia, G., Applegate, B. and Perry, A. Effects of partial occlusion of circulation on frequency and amplitude of surface electromyography. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology. 1991; 1(2):124-129.
  68. Signorile, J.F., Holden, S.C. and Coast, J.R. The feasibility of windload simulator as an alternative to on-road training. The Journal of Applied Sport Science Research. 1990; 4(1):5-8.
  69. ZeBranek, J., Losito, J., Signorile, J.F., Janecki, C., McCauley, L., Young, J. and Applegate, B. The immediate physiological effects of foot orthotics. Florida Journal of Podiatric Medicine. 1990; 44(1):1-8.
  70. Hasson, S.M., Williams, J.H. and Signorile, J.F. Fatigue induced changes in myoelectric signal characteristics and perceived exertion. Canadian Journal of Sports Sciences. 1989; 14:99-102.
  71. Williams, J.H., Barnes, W.S. and Signorile, J.F. A constant-load ergometer for measuring peak power output and fatigue. Journal of Applied Physiology. 1988; 65(5):2343-2348. Impact factor: 4.232
  72. Williams, J.H., Signorile, J.F., Barnes, W.S. and Henrich, T.W. Caffeine effects on maximal power output and fatigue. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 1988; 22(4):132-134.
  73. Signorile, J.F., Shields, D. Aerobic swimming: it’s no sweat when you’re wet. Florida Journal of Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance. 1984; 22:11-14.